Photo of young man shoveling dirt back into a square hole.

Crew member backfilling a test pit on one of the sites at Camp Bowie. Archeologists often dig a series of test pits across a site to evaluate whether potentially important information about the past is present. They don't just look for artifacts, they look for (and sample) distribution patterns of stones and bones, intact cultural features (such as a cooking hearth), and unusual circumstances where traces of the past are well preserved and undisturbed.

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