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Tejas: Life and Times of the Caddo

Tejas: Life and Times of the Caddo theme exhibit with six interwoven exhibits providing an intimate look at the Caddo's long and distinguished history, at ancient and living Caddo tradition, and at the tribe's many contributions to the cultural heritage of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. The Tejas exhibits explain who the Caddo are, who they were, where they came from, and what Caddo life was like in different points in time.

image of Texas parerphanalia

Frontier Forts

Texas frontier forts are the haunting reminders of the violent cultural conflict that dominated the nineteenth century, as white settlement moved westward across the state into the domain of the Kiowas, Comanches, and other Plains Indians. Over the nearly 50-year period that the U.S. Military patrolled the Texas frontier, some 35 forts and another 20 camps and temporary outposts were constructed. Today, only a few sites with standing structures remain, while the rest are recalled only by a simple marker. In the following web "exhibits," we examine the forces and players that shaped the conflicts and the Army's solutions in four diverse regions across the state.

making cordmarked pottery

Making Cordmarked Pottery

This exhibit explains how to make the distinctive cordmarked pottery typical of the Plains Villagers of the Texas Panhandle who lived about 550-900 years ago (A.D. 1100-1450). The use of a cord-wrapped paddle and a small stone anvil during pottery making created telltale marks that can be seen on much of the prehistoric pottery in the region.

This is the first section of a series of exhibits on the theme "The Plains Villagers of the Texas Panhandle." Other related exhibits will appear by June, 2003.

Stone Tools of Texas

Stone Tools of Texas

Texas Indians created a great variety of stone tools and ornaments using many of the diverse rocks they found throughout the state and sometimes materials traded from distant sources. While much attention has been placed on projectile points—"arrowheads" including dart points and true arrow points—many of the other kinds of stone artifacts are not well known. This exhibit presents a photo gallery introducing many of the kinds of stone artifacts that archeologists have identified—almost everything except projectile points.