George Avery and Steve Black are the primary authors of this exhibit. Additional writing was contributed by Mark Wolf, Sandra Calpakis, and Jeff Williams. Photographs were taken by Avery, Alfred Broden, Andrea Locke, and John Teichgraeber. Computer graphics were created by Jeff Williams. Black put together the exhibit. Web development was done by Black, Jay Parteek, and Jason Glisson of Texas State University. Patricia Christmas proofread the final exhibit.
This exhibit was underwritten by the National Park Service Challenge Cost Share Program and Stephen F. Austin University.
George Avery is the Cultural Heritage Resource Coordinator at Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Florida where his research focused on Spanish olive jar production during the Spanish Colonial period. Avery served as Los Adaes Station Archaeologist for the Louisiana Division of Archaeology between 1995 and 2005 based out of Northwestern State University in Natchitoches, Louisiana.
Steve Black is the Texas State Editor of this website and Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Texas State University, San Marcos.
Alfred L. Broden, Director of the Mission Dolores Visitors Center and Museum, has been truly phenomenal in his support of the research projects at the mission. Assisting in every aspect of the projects, from excavating shovel tests, to water screening and sorting in the lab, Al has been there every step of the way and contributed numerous photos to this exhibit.
Sandra Calpakis, born and raised in San Augustine, Texas, and long time member of the San Augustine County Historical Society, has conducted research covering a variety of subjects related to the history of the area surrounding San Augustine. Her research on the Ais Indians over the last ten years has uncovered information not found in secondary sources related to the Ais.
Andrea Locke and John Teichgraeber were both interns in the SFA Archaeology Lab during the fall 2008 semester. Teichgraeber graduated in December, 2008 and Locke graduates in August, 2010.
Jeff Williams is the GIS systems administer for the College of Forestry and Agriculture at Stephen F.Austin. He was one of Corbin's students and has specialized in documenting surviving traces of El Camino Real de los Tejas. He also assisted in the 2008 investigations at Mission Dolores.
Mark Wolf is a San Antonio based architect who is well known within the historical community for his work on the Mission Santa Cruz de San Sabá project. He spearheaded the efforts to find the Mission, and is a direct lineal descendant of Juan Leal—one of the survivors of the 1758 massacre at Mission San Sabá. With Mission Dolores, Mark Wolf is leading the effort to design a replica of the 18th-century jacal structures that would have been present.
For additional information about this exhibit please contact George Avery at Stephen F. Austin State University: firstname.lastname@example.org.
El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail. National Park Service.
Life at an Eighteenth-Century Spanish Outpost. Louisiana Division of Archaeology, Office of Cultural Development, Department of Culture, Recreation, and Tourism, Office of the Lieutenant Governor.
Los Adaes: Eighteen-Century Capital of Spanish Texas. Texas Beyond History, University of Texas, Austin.
Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de los Ais Mission. The Handbook of Texas Online, Texas State Historical Association.
Old San Antonio Road. The Handbook of Texas Online, Texas State Historical Association.
Pagès, Pierre Marie François de. The Handbook of Texas Online, Texas State Historical Association.
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Avery, George, editor
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Carter, Cecile Elkins
1995 Caddo Indians: Where we Come From. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
Corbin, James E.
1977 Archeological Research at 41SA25, Mission Dolores de los Ais 1977, A Preliminary Report submitted to the Texas Historical Commission .Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas. Download
1989 Spanish-Indian Interaction on the Eastern Frontier of Texas, in David Hurst Thomas, editor, Columbian Consequences, Volume 1: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives on the Spanish Borderlands West, pages 269-276. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
1991 Retracing the Camino Real de los Tejas from the Trinity river to Los Adaes: New Insights into East Texas History. In A. Joachim McGraw, John W. Clark, and Elizabeth A. Robbins, editors, A Texas Legacy: The Old San Antonio Road and the Caminos Reales, A Tricentennial History, 1691-1991, pages 191-223. Texas Department of Highways and Public Transportation, Austin, Texas.
2007 Cultural Diversity in the Southern Caddo Region. Journal of Northeast Texas Archaeology 26:11-23.
Corbin, James E., Thomas C. Alex, and Arlan Kalina
1980 Mission Dolores de los Ais. Papers in Anthropology 2. Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas. Download
Corbin, James E.; Heather A. Brown, Mary G. Canavan, and Sharon Toups
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Crocket, George Louis
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Pagés, Pierre Marie François de
1793 Travels Round the World in the Years 1767, 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771. Translated from the French, second edition, corrected and enlarged, volume 1, J. Murray, London.
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Williams, Jeffrey M.
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Author George Avery water screening sediment from Mission Dolores excavations.
Visit Mission Dolores!
The modern day visitor to Mission Dolores will find a museum, visitor’s center, walking trail, archaeology lab, and recreational vehicle park. The museum is open Monday through Saturday from
9 am to 4 pm and includes an introductory video, numerous panel exhibits, and examples of a wide variety of the artifacts recovered during the archaeological investigations. The walking trail makes a loop from the Visitor’s Center to the RV Park, and passes through Mission Hill on the way.
Links with information about what to do in San Augustine:
This small brass or copper bell was photographed by Jim Corbin during the 1977 excavations at Mission Dolores. Unfortunately, there is nothing in the site records to suggest that it was found during his work. Avery suspects that the bell was brought to the site by an area resident as a "show and tell" item. Over the decades many mission-era artifacts have been collected from the site, particularly during the early 20th century when Highway 147 was built right through it. But the original and current provenience of this artifact remains unknown.
Perhaps you can help tell its tale?
SFA Archaeology Laboratory.