Credits and Sources
The Lake Jackson Plantation exhibit was written by Joan Few and TBH Co-Editor Susan Dial and adapted in part from the 1999 Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society reports of the TAS Lake Jackson Field Schools. Johnney Pollan, local arrangements coordinator for both field schools, provided text for the TAS field school section.
Few has been an adjunct professor of anthropology/archeology
at the University of Houston at Clear Lake since 1991. With an undergraduate
degree in history and Master's in anthropology and archeology, Few
believes she has found the perfect blend. "Words were never
enough for me," she explains. "I have always felt that
history had to be embellished and substantiated by material evidence."
A Registered Professional Archeologist, Few has specialized chiefly
in sugar and cotton plantation archaeology and is the author of Sugar, Planters, Slaves, and Convicts, detailing her work at the plantation. She is a past president
of the TAS.
San Antonio native Johnney Pollan holds a BS Degree in Engineering Science and has worked for the Dow Chemical Company for more than 31 years. His interest in archeology began as a youth when his cousin, famed San Antonio potter Harding Black, would tell stories of the Witte Museums digs in the lower Pecos River in the late 1930s. A member of TAS since 1981, Pollan is a charter member of the Southern Texas Archeological Association and co-founder of the Brazosport Archaeological Society. At present he is State Archeological Steward for Brazoria County.
Numerous images were provided for this exhibit by the Lake Jackson Historical Association, the Brazoria County Historical MuseumMuseum, and the TARL Photo Collections of TAS members including Norman Flaigg, Sue Turner, and Dr. E. Mott Davis.
The following organizations and institutions helped make the Lake Jackson Plantation archeological research program possible:
Brazosport Archeological Society Lake Jackson Historical Association
Dow Chemical Company
City of Lake Jackson
University of Houston Clear Lake
Texas Archeological Society
Houston Archeological Society
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
Visiting Historic Sugar Mills
Two Texas sugar mill ruins are open to the public; Varner-Hogg State Park is open year round and the Lake Jackson State Archeological Landmark Site, owned by the Lake Jackson Historical Association, is open on the first Saturday of each month between 10 a.m. and dusk. Artifacts and records from the Lake Jackson excavations are displayed and curated at the Lake Jackson Historical Association Museum in Lake Jackson, Texas.
Brazoria County Historical Museum. Exceptional collection of online archival resources including documents and photographs as well as historical exhibits on such topics as Austin's Colony and the Civil War.
Lake Jackson Historical Museum which owns and operates the Lake Jackson Historic Landmark site and curates excavated materials from the site. Visitor information included as well as a virtual tour of the museum.
Abner Jackson. Handbook of Texas Online.
A good source of information on the institution of slavery in Texas.
Lake Jackson. Handbook of Texas Online
Website of the Texas Archeological Society, one of the oldest and largest groups for avocational and professional archeologists in the nation. Information about archeology in Texas, how to receive training, and how to become a member of the society. Provides contact information for local historical and archeological societies.
Brazosport Archeological Society
1989 Historical Resource Survey of The Lake Jackson Plantation, Survey Report 89-01. BAS Publication, 400 College Drive, Lake Jackson, Texas 77566
Brazoria County, Texas
1878 Deed Q557, Deed of Trust executed by Ward and Deevey to Crow, Baker and Bates, Trustees for use of Wm. Walter Phelps, February 28, 1878
1858-59 Statement of the Sugar Crop Made in Louisiana in 1858-59
1975 A Narrative History of Brazoria County. Brazoria County Historical Commission
Few, J., K.E. Fustes, W.S. Gross, C.D. Kneupper, J.T.
Pollan, S.D. Pollan, J. Pool, W.L.
McClure, J.L. Smith, J.S. Wayland and D.J. Wayland
1996 Final Report of Research and Excavation at the Lake Jackson State Archeological Landmark, Lake Jackson, Texas, 41BO172, Between 1991 and 1996, Under Antiquities Permit 1072, University of Houston Clear Lake, Houston, Texas
2006 Sugar, Planters, Slaves and Convicts. Few Publications (available through Amazon and other online sources).
1999 Lake Jackson State Archeological Landmark (41BO172): Report of the 1994 and 1995 Texas Archeological Society Field Schools and Additional 1996-1998
Excavations. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 70.
1999 Texas' Early Sugar Industry: A comparative Study of Four Antebellum Sugar Mills in Brazoria County, Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 70.
Gross, S. et.al.
1989 Historical Resource Survey of the Lake Jackson Plantation. Survey of the Brazosport Archaeological Society, July 24, 1989
1961 A Short History of The Sugar Industry in Texas. Texas Gulf Coast Historical Association Publications 5 (1).
1999 The Vertebrates from Lake Jackson State Archeological Landmark. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 70.
Olcott, Henry S.
1857 SORGHO AND IMPHEE: The Chinese and African Sugar Canes, A.J. Moore, Agricultural Book Publisher, New York, N.Y.
Pollan, Sandra Driskill
1999 The China Cabinet at the Jackson Plantation: Analysis from the Lake Jackson
State Archeological Landmark Site (41BO172). Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 70
Strobel, Abner J.
1926 The Old Plantations and Their Owners of Brazoria County, Texas. Union National Bank, Houston, Texas, Reprinted in 1980 under, "Historical Scrapbook of West Columbia, Texas."
Few, Joan and Charles Locke
Raisin' Cane. A two-part videotape and Teacher's Supplement; Volume One: Plantation Life in Texas; Volume Two: In Pursuit of the Past. Available from Garfield Productions, 4226 Caldwell Ln., Del Valle, TX, 78617.