Credits & Sources

World of the Caddo was written by TBH Co-Editor Susan Dial drawing on a variety of sources, including those listed below. Images were provided by a number of contributors, including Nola Davis, who painted many of the scenes as murals for Caddo Mounds State Historic Site. They are used here courtesy of Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. George Nelson painted the realistic village scene shown in the "Village Life" section. It is used courtesy of the Institute of Texan Cultures, San Antonio.

Illustrator Christy Stallop developed and contributed the view of a Caddo house interior for the section, "Step Inside a Caddo House." Jerry Sullivan, former exhibits planner for Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, took many of the photos documenting the modern construction of a grass house. Numerous photos were made available by Caddo historian Cecile Elkins Carter and anthropologist, Dayna Bowker Lee. Logan McNatt and Todd McMakin of TPWD and Bob Skiles of the Texas General Land Office provided helpful comments on Caddo house-building. Lee and the State Arts Council of Oklahoma contributed audiotape of Caddo drumming songs.


Bolton, Herbert E.
2002 The Hasinais: Southern Caddoans as Seen by the Earliest Europeans. Red River Books paperback edition, edited by Russell Magnaghi, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. First published by University of Oklahoma Press, 1987.

Carter, Cecile Elkins
1995 Caddo Indians, Where We Come From. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

Foster, William C., editor
1998 The La Salle Expedition to Texas: The Journal of Henri Joutel, 1684-1687. Texas State Historical Association and Center for American Studies, University of Texas at Austin.

La Vere, David
1998 Life Among the Texas Indians: The WPA Narratives. Elma Dill Russell Spencer Foundation Series No. 18. Texas A&M Press, College Station.

Lee, Dana Bowker, producer
1995 Remaining Ourselves: Music and Tribal Memory. State Arts Council of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City. (Audiotape of native music, accompanied by text of interviews with performers from various tribes.)

Swanton, John R.
1996 Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. Originally published in 1942 by Smithsonian Institution as Bureau of Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington, D.C.

The website of Caddo Mounds State Historic Site, maintained by the Texas Historical Commission. Here you will find instructions on how to reach the park in Cherokee county as well as a schedule of events and area activities.

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