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Credits & Sources

 

The Landis Project exhibit was written by Mike Quigg, senior archeologist with TRC Environmental Corporation in Austin. TBH Editor Susan Dial created the exhibit, and Heather Smith developed it for the web. A number of researchers also provided technical expertise and these individuals are credited in the sources section below. The project was sponsored and funded by the Bureau of Land Management.  Dr. Signa Larralde, BLM Regional Archeologist, oversaw this program and was open to suggestions and new strategies, and her concern and interest in preserving a piece of the past in the Texas Panhandle is gratefully acknowledged. Natalie Stephensen, Director of the Outdoor Program for the Girl Scouts, helped in organizing the open house sessions, and provided hospitality for the crews during the two field seasons. Special thanks go to two local amateur archeologists, Mr. Rolla Shaller and Mr. Alvin Lynn, of Amarillo, who spent their own time collecting rock samples and documenting various lithic outcrops and sending in samples for use in the INA analysis. 

Mike Quigg has a long-held interest in Plains archeology, participating in his first dig as a high school senior in southern Colorado.  He pursued his interest first by obtaining a B.A. degree in anthropology from the University of Northern Colorado in Greeley, with summers spent conducting field work, then with a Masters in archeology from the University of Calgary in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.  He spent five years with the Archaeology Survey of Alberta, and another five years managing a private cultural resource firm.  He has spent his entire career working in the Plains, from central Alberta to southern Texas, and now has over 20 years experience in Texas. Quigg currently serves as senior staff archeologist for TRC Environmental Corporation.

Links

Bureau of Land Management  www.blm.gov/wo/st/en.html
An agency of the U.S. Department of the Interior, the BLM manages public lands in diverse regions across the nation, working to oversee natural resources and provide public education and recreational opportunities.

Print Sources

Baugh, T. G. and S. M. Perkins, editors
2008   Land of Our Ancestors: Studies of Protohistoric and Historic Wichita Cultures. Plains Anthropologist Memoir 40, 53(208).

Bell, R. E., E. B. Jelks, and W. W. Newcomb, assemblers
1967   A Pilot Study of Wichita Indian Archeology and Ethnohistory. Final Report for Grant GS-964, National Science Foundation. Reprint by Gustavs Library.

 

Project Investigator Mike Quigg
Volume I of the two-volume report of the Landis Project. Download and view pdf copy of this report via the links at left.

Bolton, H. E.
1916    Spanish Exploration in the Southwest. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.

1949   Coronado, Knight of the Pueblos and Plains. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

Boulanger M. T. and M. Glascock
2010   Chert Sourcing in the Texas Panhandle: Compositional Analysis of Chert and Jasper Sources and Artifacts, Landis Property. In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas, by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, TRC Technical Report 150832.

Boyd, D. K.
1997    Caprock Canyonlands Archeology: A Synthesis of the Late Prehistory and History of Lake Alan Henry and the Texas Panhandle-Plains. Reports of Investigations Number 110. Prewitt and Associates, Inc., Austin.

Bozarth, S. and T. Woodburn
2010   Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction at West Amarillo Creek, Potter County, Texas, Based on Biosilicate Analysis and Palynology. In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas , by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, TRC Technical Report 150832.

Ferguson, J. R. and M. D. Glascock
2010   Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis of Clays and Ceramics from the Texas Panhandle. In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas , by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, TRC Technical Report 150832.

Frederick, C. D.
2010   Stratigraphic Overview of Upper West Amarillo Creek Valley. In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas , by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, pp. 153-166. TRC Technical Report 150832.

Haecker, C. M.
1999   Phase I Archeological Survey: Amarillo and Exell Helium Plants and Landis Property, Potter and Moore Counties, Texas . National Park Service, Intermountain Support Office, Anthropology Program, Santa Fe, New Mexico for the Bureau of Land Management, Helium Operations Unit, Amarillo, Texas.

2000   Phase II Archeological Testing: Landis Property, Potter County, Texas . National Park Service, Intermountain Support Office, Anthropology Program, Santa Fe, New Mexico for the Bureau of Land Management, Helium Operations Unit, Amarillo, Texas.

Hammond, G. P. and A. Rey
1940   Narratives of the Coronado Expedition 1540–1542. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

1953    Don Juan de Oñate Colonizer of New Mexico 1595-1628 . University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

1966    The Rediscovery of New Mexico, 1580-1594. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

Hardy, B. L.
2010   Functional Analysis of Stone Tools from BLM Project – Landis Property in the Texas Panhandle (Sites 41PT186 and 41PT185/C). In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas , by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, TRC Technical Report 150832.

Hughes, J. T.
1991   Prehistoric Cultural Developments on the Texas High Plains. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 60:1-57.

Humphrey, J. D., and C. R. Ferring
1994 Stable Isotopic Evidence for Latest Pleistocene and Holocene Climatic Change in North-Central texas. Quarternary Research 41:200-213.

Johnson, E. (editor)
1987   Lubbock Lake: Late Quaternary Studies on the Southern High Plains . Texas A&M University Press, College Station.

1992   Cultural Encounters and Episodic Droughts: The Protohistoric Period on the Southern Plains . Guidebook to the Ethnohistory and Selected Protohistoric Sites of the Southern Plains. Lubbock Lake Landmark Quaternary Research Center Series, Number 3. Museum of Texas Tech University.

Kraft, K. C.
1994    Corner-Tang Stone Artifacts of the Plains. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Archeological Society 42:63-84.

2005    The Late Archaic Component from the Beaver Dam Site (34RM208). Oklahoma Archeology 53(2):6-23.

Malainey, M. E.
2010   Analysis of Lipids Extracted from Archaeological Burned Rock and Pottery Residues from Sites in Potter County, Texas. In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas , by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, TRC Technical Report 150832.

Newcomb, Jr., W. W.
1993    Historic Indians of Central Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 64:1-63.

Palacios-Fest, M. R.
2010   Late Holocene Paleoenvironmental History of Upper West Amarillo Creek Valley, Texas. In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas , by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, TRC Technical Report 150832.

Perry, L.
2010   Starch Analyses from the BLM Landis Property. In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas , by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, TRC Technical Report 150832.

Perttula, T. K., editor
1992    Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 63.

Philips, W.
2000    Appendix A, Botanical Inventory. In Phase II Archeological Testing: Landis Property, Potter County, Texas , by C. M. Haecker. National Park Service, Intermountain Support Office, Anthropology Program, Santa Fe, New Mexico for the Bureau of Land Management, Helium Operations Unit, Amarillo, Texas.

Quigg, J. M.
1997    The Sanders Site (41HF128): A Single Event Late Archaic Camp/Bison Processing Site Hansford County, Texas . TRC Mariah Associates Inc., Technical report No. 19751.

Quigg, J. M., C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois
2010   Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas , TRC Environmental Corporation, Technical Report No. 150832, Austin. (See links to downloadable pdf files above.)

Robinson, D. G.
2010    Petrographic Analysis of Aboriginal Ceramics from the BLM Landis Property, Texas Panhandle. In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas , by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, TRC Technical Report 150832.

Shackley, M. S.
2010 Obsidian Source Analysis. In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas , by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, TRC Technical Report 150832.

Schroeder, A. H.
1962    A Re-Analysis of the Routes of Coronado and Oñate into the Plains in 1541 and 1601. Plains Anthropologist 7:2-23.

Thurmond, J. P.
1991a   Archeology of the Dempsey Divide: A Late Archaic/Woodland Hotspot on the Southern Plains. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Anthropological Societ y 39:103-157.

1991b   A Late Archaic/Woodland Lunate Stone Burial in Far Western Oklahoma. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 60:241-255.

Winsborough Consulting
2010    Diatom Paleoenvironmental Analysis of Sediments from Archaeological Site 41PT185/C, BLM Project- Landis Property in the Texas Panhandle, Potter County, Texas. In Landis Property: Data Recovery at Three Prehistoric Sites (41PT185, 41PT186, and 41PT245) in Potter County, Texas, by J. M. Quigg, C. D. Frederick, P. M. Matchen, and K. G. DuBois, TRC Technical Report 150832.