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Artifacts: Traces of a Family

Over 26,000 individual artifacts were recovered during excavations at the Ransom and Sarah Williams farmstead. These objects—most of them fragmentary—represent items that were discarded, lost, or left behind by the Williams family during their ownership of the farm, from circa 1871 to 1905. Through these fascinating remains, we glimpse varied aspects of the family's life ranging from farming and household chores to children's play and education, personal grooming, medicine, and health. Collectively, the artifacts demonstrate that this African-American family lived and thrived in rural central Texas, using a great variety of mass-manufactured goods and leisure items.

Kitchen and Household
Photo of bottles found in the kitchen area
Photo of lock and keys found in the house
Photo of flatware found in the house
Activities
Image of horseshoes found on the farm
Image of toys
		   found on the farm
Image of musical instruments found on the farm
Clothing and Adornment
Image of garment items found on the farm
Image of buttons found on the farm
Image of jewelry found on the farm
Personal
Image of personal items found ont he farm
Image of personal items found on the farm
Image of of personal items found on the farm
Architectural     Animals / Plants
Image of building materials found on the farm
Image of faunal remains found on the farm
Image of floral remains found on the farm
 

Graph depicting variety of artifacts found on the farm Context and Classification

Graph depicting occupations between 1871-1905 Chronology and Interpretation

Photo of a harmonica found on the farm Artifact Conservation